There are a number of funding programs that focus on safe disposal and problematic waste. Waste that is less commonly processed and recycled includes expanded polystyrene, plastic, lined boxboard, electronic casings, hazardous fluid containers, and others.
Under provincial and territorial programs, funding is available to municipalities, community organizations, businesses, and even students. The goal is to reduce the volume of waste that goes to the landfills. Some programs focus on R&D with the goal of solid waste diversion and are designed for municipalities. Other programs are intended for community groups and aim at waste reduction through different research projects, initiatives, and community events. There are programs that offer education sessions and training and focus on waste separation containers, organic material diversion, waste reduction holdings, and so on.
There are different types of problematic waste, including e-waste and electronics and hazardous and radioactive materials. The list includes pesticides, commercial chemical products, petroleum refining products, and others. These wastes are more likely to cause damage to the environment, and certain solutions minimize the risk and help reduce pollution. Two solutions are recycling and proper disposal. Reduction of waste production is obviously an effective solution. One way to do this is to substitute products made of hazardous materials with such made of non-hazardous ones. Separating waste also helps minimize the risk of cross-contamination while replacing old equipment improves efficiency. It is also important to train employees to gain experience in proper material handling and manufacturing practices to reduce problematic waste. Finally, it is also essential to develop and implement programs for identifying and monitoring problematic waste such as demolition and construction materials, coatings and paints, lamps and lights, batteries, pharmaceutical products, and others.